Urinalysis - basic principle

Urinalysis - Measurement

Urinalysis - normal urine Normal urine: has pH of 5.0; negative for glucose, ketones, WBC, nitrite, proteins and hemoglobin

Urinalysis - Sample A Sample A: has high glucose - an indication of hyperglycemia and diabetes

Urinalysis - Sample B Sample B: has high proteins - may indicate filtration unit damage allowing proteins to filter through

Urinalysis - Sample C Sample C: blood in the urine - may indicate vascular damage in the kidneys, kidney stones, urinary tract infection

Urinalysis - Sample D Sample D: alkaline pH - varies with the type of food comsumed or medications