Eukaryotic structure - basic principle

Eukaryote - Paramecium Nucleus - has genetic material (DNA) for control of cellular activities Cilia - for movement

Eukaryote - Spirogyra Nucleus - has genetic material (DNA) for control of cellular activities Spiral chloroplast - for photosynthesis

Eukaryote - Yeast Budding in yeast - asexual reproduction Nucleus in yeast cells - has genetic material (DNA) for control of cellular activities

Animal cell model Membrane vesicle - to release substances to the outside Mitochondrion - powerhouse of the cell for producing energy Rough endoplasmic reticulum - for synthesis of secretory proteins and cell membranes Centriole pair - to help with cell division Lysosome - has hydrolytic enzymes for autodigestion and protection Smooth endoplasmic reticulum - for lipid synthesis, storage and detoxification Nuclear envelope with pores - to regulate chemicals going in or coming out of the nucleus Nucleolus - for synthesis of rRNA Golgi complex - to modify proteins and package them for secreting out Cytoplasm - fluid inside the cell where chemical reaction take place and organelles are located Plasma membrane - regulates chemicals going in or coming out of the cell

Plant cell model Chloroplast - for photosynthesis Central vacuole - for storage of chemicals Cell wall - give shape to the cell and protect it from bursting Membrane vesicle - for storage and transportation of proteins inside the cell Mitochondrion - powerhouse of the cell for producing energy Rough endoplasmic reticulum - for synthesis of secretory proteins and cell membranes Smooth endoplasmic reticulum - for lipid synthesis, storage and detoxification Nuclear envelope with pores - to regulate chemicals going in or coming out of the nucleus Nucleolus - for synthesis of rRNA Golgi complex - to modify proteins and package them for secreting out Cytoplasm - fluid inside the cell where chemical reaction take place and organelles are located Plasma membrane - regulates chemicals going in or coming out of the cell